Bricks are construction materials, mainly made of a ceramic and orthogonal parallelepiped, and this allows it to be easily placed for masons and is used mainly in all construction.
The clay with which the brick is built is a geological material with very small particles, in addition to having several other minerals such as kaolin, montmorillonite, and jilted. This enables the ability of having a rectangular shape placed one on top of the other.
Kinds of bricks and classification
- Brick rough: are all those who suffer perforations in the table that occupies more than 10% of the surface of the same.
- Solid brick: these are those that have less than 10% of perforations in the table.
- Brick manual: They are based on the old bricks that were made by hand, they have a rough appearance
- Hollow brick: They are all those that have perforations in the head that reduce the weight and volume of the materials used in it. It can be of various types like; Scraper, simple, double and triple.
- Planking brick: This one has a curved shape so that when placing a row of bricks they form a continuous moulding.
- Caravista brick: one that is used outdoors with a unique finish.
- Refractory brick: Used in places where it must withstand high temperatures such as furnace or chimneys.
Designer bricks are used in different ways in the art of construction as in enclosures, facades, and partitions. Mainly in constructions of walls or partitions, the arrangement of the bricks in any wall is given the name of rigging.
Nowadays the production of brick in any company is carried out by a couple of processes ranging from the specific choice of clay material to the final method of packaging. For the manufacture of this product, the raw material used mainly is clay. The material is mostly composed of varying amounts of iron oxides and other alkaline materials such as calcium oxide and magnesium.
The particles of the material are capable of hydro metrically absorbing 70% of their weight in water, and when the clay is already plasticized, it can be moulded at its convenience, differently from when it is dry. During hardening, the clayey material acquires certain remarkable characteristics.
Once the type of clay is selected, the following process is followed.
- Maturation: the clay is incorporated into the production cycle that must be submitted to particular processes in order to obtain an adequate mass.
- Previous mechanical treatment: After maturation, the pre-processing phase continues, where operations are carried out to purify and refine the raw material.
- Humidification: Now the clay is removed from the silos, and a refiner is carried, and then in a humidifier mixer and water is added to obtain the desired humidity.
- Moulded: It consists of making a clay mixture.
- Drying: Its purpose is to eliminate all the water added in all the previous processes.
- Cooking: Drying in ovens where the temperature varies between 900 ° and 1000 ° C
- Storage: The packaging process consists of wrapping the packages with plastic or metal ribbons so that they can be deposited in storage places until they are moved to their destinations.
Bricks are mainly used in constructions such a: houses, buildings, frames, walkways. In rare cases, they are used in sidewalks in order to give a different and antique look to a street or park.